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Sunday, March 30, 2014

Europa & Palestine News « Europa & Middle East News

Europa & Palestine News « Europa & Middle East News

Sanctions Against Russia Would Be Ill Advised

DSC_6360Austrian Federal President Dr. Heinz Fischer received on Thursday, 27 March 2014, his Serbian counterpart, President Tomislav Nikolic. This was the first visit of the Serbian President to Austria.
President Nikolic was greeted with full military and state honors and President Fischer upon his arrival at Hofburg Palace.
A press conference was held by both President Dr. Fischer and His Excellency Mr. Nikolic. Both Presidents warned against imposing sanctions against Russia in connection with the annexation of the Crimea: “Sanctions are a sharp instrument which should be handled very carefully, and one should think twice about it”, President Heinz Fischer said in a joint press conference on the occasion of Nikolic’s visit.
President Fischer pointed out that “the introduction of certain sanctions is perhaps – (unfortunately) – easier than them get away from them again. ” The long-term perspective must be, in this context ” that the different nations in Europe and at the border of Europe should live together in peace and confidence and also make their economic cooperation as smooth as possible.”
In the overall assessment of the crisis in and around the Ukraine, President Fischer said that the EU had “certainly not done everything right”, especially because in his opinion “for Ukraine there can be no ‘either-or policy’ in relation to Europe and Russia, but a policy would be right which would combine good economic relations with Russia with good economic relations with Europe from the geographical and historical position of both sides.”
“President Nikolic, whose country, had sad experiences with Western sanctions because of the consequence of the Balkan conflicts, said that great caution must be shown there.

He added that his country Serbia will not join the EU and US sanctions against Moscow, which is Belgrade’s most important ally in the fight against Kosovo’s independence.
President Nikolic acknowledge that the international law can not be determined on a case by case basis, but rather, rules are need – but rules are not always there.”

Europa & Palestine News « Europa & Middle East News

529 Morsi Backers Sentenced to Death in Egypt

death sentenceBy Sarah Benhaida – AFP – Cairo — A court ordered the execution of 529 supporters of deposed Islamist president Mohamed Morsi after only two hearings on Monday, in the largest such sentencing in Egypt’s modern history.
The unprecedented verdict, amid an extensive crackdown on Morsi supporters, is likely to be overturned on appeal, legal experts said.
The military-installed authorities have arrested thousands of Morsi supporters and put many of them on trial since the army deposed the Islamist on July 3.
The defendants in the southern province of Minya are part of a larger group of more than 1,200 alleged Islamists accused of killing policemen and rioting on August 14, after police killed hundreds of protesters while dispersing two Cairo protest camps.
Of the 529 defendants sentenced, 153 are currently in detention and the rest were tried in absentia. They automatically get a new trial if they turn themselves in.
Another 17 defendants were acquitted.
The verdict can be appealed at the Court of Cassation, which would probably order a new trial or reduce the sentences, legal expert Gamal Eid said.
“This sentencing is a catastrophe and a travesty and a scandal that will affect Egypt for many years,” said Eid, who heads the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information.
- ‘Judge rammed sentencing through’ -
In Monday’s session, the court referred its decision to the mufti, the government’s official interpreter of Islamic law, for ratification. The mufti has upheld death sentences in the past.
Defence lawyer Mohamed Tousson said the judge rammed through the sentencing after he was angered by a lawyer who demanded his recusal in the first session.
“He didn’t even ascertain the presence of the detained defendants, he only got to the 51st defendant,” Tousson said.
“A lawyer then demanded his recusal. He got very angry, and adjourned the trial for sentencing.”
“It’s a huge violation of defendants’ rights. It will be overturned for sure,” he said of the death sentence.
A second group of about 700 defendants, including Mohamed Badie, the supreme guide of Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood movement, are due in the dock on Tuesday.
Egypt has been rocked by continuous protests by Morsi supporters and by militant attacks that have killed more than 200 members of the security forces since his overthrow.
Rights group Amnesty International says at least 1,400 people have been killed in violence nationwide, and thousands more have been arrested.
Morsi is himself currently on trial in three different cases, including one for inciting the killing of protesters outside a presidential palace while he was in office.
The army removed Morsi, the country’s first democratically elected president, after a year in office following mass street protests demanding his resignation.
- Jazeera trial resumes -
The government crackdown has also targeted prominent activists of the 2011 revolt against former president Hosni Mubarak, as well as journalists.
On Sunday, a court released on bail leftwing activist Alaa Abdel Fattah, a leading symbol of the anti-Mubarak uprising.
He had been detained for joining an unsanctioned and violent protest in November.
The targeting of activists such as Abdel Fattah and journalists has prompted fears of a return to the authoritarian practices of the Mubarak era.
Also on Monday, another court is set to hold the third hearing in the trial of a group of journalists working with the Doha-based Al-Jazeera satellite television network.
The journalists, including Australian reporter Peter Greste, are charged with spreading false news and aiding the blacklisted Muslim Brotherhood.
Their trial comes against the backdrop of strained ties between Egypt and Qatar, which backed Morsi and the Brotherhood.
Journalists around the world have staged protests demanding the reporters’ release, with Washington and the United Nations also voicing their support.
Egypt’s interim president Adly Mansour has pledged to work towards a “speedy resolution of the case”.
Ibrahim Abdel Wahal, the lawyer of Egyptian-Canadian Mohamed Adel Fahmy who was arrested along with Greste, told reporters that at Monday’s hearing he will insist on his client being freed on bail to receive medical attention for a broken shoulder, suffered before his arrest.

أحكام بالاعدام على 529 متهمًا من انصار مرسي في مصر
أ. ف. ب – القاهرة: أصدرت محكمة مصرية أحكامًا بالاعدام على 529 شخصاً من انصار الرئيس المصري الاسلامي محمد مرسي الذي اطاحه الجيش اثر اعمال عنف خلال الصيف، بحسب مصادر قضائية, في حين لم يتم التحقيق أو أعتقال أي من مرتكبي مجزوة رابعة العدوية والنهضة من قوات الجيش المصري والشرطة والبلطية الموالين لهم
ووحدهم 153 من المتهمين الـ529 موقوفون والباقون فارون من القضاء، بحسب المصادر التي اضافت أنه تمت تبرئة 17 من المتهمين
ويحاكم ما مجمله 1200 متهم في اعمال عنف وقعت خاصة في 14 اب/اغسطس، في مواجهات وقعت لدى فض اعتصام للاسلاميين في ميداني رابعة العدوية والنهضة في القاهرة
ويمثل هؤلاء بتهم القتل والشروع في القتل واستخدام القوة والعنف ضد موظفين عموميين، وتخريب منشآت للدولة، وحيازة أسلحة دون ترخيص، واعمال عنف أدت الى مقتل شرطيين اثنين وهجمات على املاك عامة وخاصة في 14 اب/اغسطس، بينما كانت قوات الامن تفض اعتصامًا للاسلاميين في ميداني رابعة العدوية والنهضة في القاهرة، ما ادى الى مواجهات دموية
والمحاكمة هي الاكبر منذ بدء حملة القمع بحق الاخوان المسلمين الذين ينتمي اليهم مرسي بعدما اطاح به الجيش في الثالث من تموز/يوليو.
والثلاثاء يمثل 700 متهم امام القضاء من بينهم العديد من قياديي جماعة الاخوان المسلمين خصوصاً المرشد الاعلى محمد بديع وغالبية هؤلاء ايضا فارون من القضاء ويواجهون الاتهامات نفسها
وهي اول مرة يحاكم فيها هذا العدد من المتهمين في قضية واحدة، علمًا بأن القضاء المصري ينظر في العديد من القضايا المتهم فيها اسلاميون منذ عزل الجيش مرسي في 3 تموز/يوليو اثر احتجاجات شعبية واسعة
ومنذ عزل مرسي شنت السلطات الموقتة حملة قمع بحق انصاره، اسفرت بحسب منظمة العفو الدولية عن سقوط 1400 قتيل على الاقل، اكثر من نصفهم سقطوا في فض اعتصامي الاسلاميين في رابعة العدوية والنهضة. ومذذاك، اعتقلت السلطات آلاف الاسلاميين واحالتهم على المحاكم، وفي مقدمهم اضافة الى مرسي غالبية قادة جماعة الاخوان
ويتظاهر انصار مرسي بانتظام للمطالبة بعودته الى السلطة، ولكن قوات الامن تعمد غالباً الى تفريق هذه التظاهرات ما يسفر عن صدامات بين الطرفين
ويحاكم مرسي القيادي في الاخوان في ثلاث قضايا، فيما صنفت السلطات المصرية جماعة الاخوان “تنظيمًا ارهابيًا” في كانون الاول/ديسمبر بعد الهجوم الانتحاري على مديرية شرطة المنصورة، في دلتا النيل، الذي اوقع 15 قتيلاً، علمًا بأن “جماعة انصار بيت المقدس” هي الجهة التي تبنته

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