My Blog List

SITE DISCLAIMER This page and all others linked to it — All copyrighted sources are quoted and used for comment and education in accord with the nonprofit provisions of: Title 17 U.S.C., Section 107. These sites are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C., Section 107 and are protected under: The First Amendment Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, ….

Saturday, January 2, 2010

Michel Aoun - Definition

Michel Aoun - Definition

Michel Aoun, Lebanese military commander and politician. A Maronite Christian, was born in 1936 in Beirut. His family was deeply religious and he attended Catholic schools. Aoun finished his secondary education in 1956 and enrolled in the Military Academy as a cadet officer. Three years later, he graduated as an artillery officer in the Lebanese Army. He later received additional training at Chalons-sur-Marnes, France (1958-59), Fort Seale, Oklahoma in the U.S.A(1966) and the Ecole Superieure de Guerre, France (1978-80).

During the Lebanese Civil War in September 1983, Aoun's 84th Mechanised Infantry Battalion fought Syrian, Druze and Palestinian forces at the battle of Souq el Gharb. In June 1984 Aoun was picked to be commander of the Lebanese army.

On September 22nd 1988 the outgoing president, Amine Gemayel, appointed Aoun prime minister until new elections could be held. This move was unconstitutional as, according to Lebanon’s confessionalist constitution, the position of prime minister was reserved for a SunniMuslim. Aoun could rely on 40% of the Lebanese army, including nearly all tanks and artillery, Phalangist militia and their Israeli backers plus the support of Iraq’s President Saddam Hussein. Opposed to Aoun was former prime minister Selim al-Hoss who was declared as a second prime minister and had the backing of Syria. Two Lebanese governments formed, one civilian under al Hoss based in west Beirut and one military under Aoun in east Beirut. Aoun controlled parts of east Beirut and some neighbouring suburbs. In Spring 1989, Aoun used his army to wrest control of ports held by the Lebanese Forces terrorists headed by Samir Geagea in order to raise customs revenues for his government. Many suggest that his assault on the LF was designed to entice Arab leaders to support him in his quest to become Lebanon's head of state. By attacking the Christian LF, he would highlight his non-sectarian credentials.

Support from France and Iraq emboldened Aoun to declare war on Syria on March 14th 1989. Over the next few months Aoun’s army and the Syrians exchanged artillery fire in Beirut until only 100,000 people remained from the original 1 million, the rest having fled. During this period Aoun became critical of American support for Syria and moved closer to Iraq, accepting arms supplies from Saddam Hussein.

In October 1989 Lebanese National Assembly members met to draw up the Taif Accord in an attempt to settle the Lebanese conflict. Aoun refused to attend, denounced the politicians who did so as traitors and issued a decree dissolving the assembly. Aoun lost much support that he had previously had amongst Muslims, who now perceived his policies as another attempt to maintain Maronite supremacy, as a result. As a result of the Taif Accord the assembly met to elect Rene Moawadas President in November. His presidency lasted just 17 days before he was assassinated and Elias Hrawi elected in his place. Hrawi appointed General Émile Lahoud as commander of the army and ordered Aoun out of the Presidential palace. Aoun refused and, instead, moved to eliminate political rivals in his enclave by attacking the LF in a war that lasted from January to May 1990. Aoun failed to destroy Samir Geagea’s LF and was left in control of half of east Beirut. During his campaign against the LF, he is reported to have received Syrian fuel supplies, which were delivered to him through Dahr el-Baidar.

The end approached for Aoun when his Iraqi ally, Saddam Hussein, launched his invasion of Kuwait on August 2nd 1990. Syria’s President Assad sided with America. In return the U.S.A supported Syria in Lebanon. The Syrians attacked on October 13th and Aoun surrendered immediately and fled to the French ambassador’s residence. Ten months later Aoun went into exile in France. Aoun still campaigns to end Syrian influence in Lebanon.

On Januray 29 2005 Aoun stated that he would return to Lebanon in order to join the oppostion to the present government who is backed very much by Syria, one of Aoun's oldest enemies.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Search This Blog

Popular Posts

Blog Archive

Other Blogs of Special Interest

Multi Blog Label Aggregator


The Antichrist

St. John

The Catholic Creed

Justice of God

          Traditional Catholic Prayers

              Look up, your redemption is at hand

              Palestine Cry

                    Palestine Cry

                      Communist World Government

                          God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him

                          Miko's Blog

                          Iraq Cry


                                Communist Internationale Sixth

                                The Mark, the Name, the Number of the Beast and the Tower of Babel = EcumenismThe Truth


                                  Good versus evil

                                  Pashtun Resist

                                    Jews called in Christ


                                    God and His Messiah Jesus Christ our Lord - our right and duty to witness to Him - labels